Indigenous Movements in the Andes: A contribution to the search for new avenues for social change. Paper for the Symposium "Beyond the Lost Decade: Indigenous Movements and the transformation of development and democracy in Latin America" Felix Princeton Naveda Igidio USA, March, 2001 2.3 Introduction This proposal seeks to bring about a way of seeing development of indigenous movements, especially in the Andean region of Latin America covering Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. For historical and geographical reasons in all three countries there Amazonian and Andean indigenous organizations. In the Amazon you can see that there is an almost homogenous control strategy for the entire regional basin, but in the Andes, is a very complex because everyone has their own characteristics and particularities are much more varied in each country. This paper is a product of work experience from the regional office of Oxfam America in South America next to the indigenous movement in this region.
Oxfam America has supported institutional strengthening initiatives of the indigenous movement in Ecuador since the early 80s. In Bolivia has supported the institutional strengthening of the Amazonian organizations, and in the Andes has followed the rebuilding initiative originating in the Ayllus organizations. In Peru was the main support (including financial) of Amazonian movement and the saw is building bridges with the Ecuadorian and Bolivian organizations through exchanges of experiences to encourage reflection on the indigenous issue, since there are very subjective conditions difficult. Two approaches and two paths: the indigenous and the class struggle.
Let's start with the fact that entrance examinations in the usual sense of the word, no. The biggest misconception with whom I have met the following. Our people are firmly convinced that at any point of light the system of education are exactly the same: the student finishes school, puts it in his pocket matriculation, is scheduled to university exams and, under favorable circumstances arrive. Do not dwell on the sad outcome this situation. In the U.S., a completely different system to the universities and colleges. First, in most cases, the applicants have no idea of the "I'll only come to MSU" (quote thought expressed in the Russian mentality).
Except, perhaps, can make only institutions such as conservatories and other similar institutions. In the case of the average American high school student decides, for example: "I want to work in banking system. " Then he makes a list of universities and training colleges, specialty "Finances". After that, he or she is familiar with the conditions of admission to various universities in the chosen specialty. Each University has its own list of documents, but everywhere he is headed GPA student evaluation of the school and a passing score on the Test SAT (Es-ay-ti) or ACT (hey-si-ty). About 80% of school 4 years of education use the results of these tests is to make a decision about enrolling a student. Dwell on the fact that this is a test in more detail.
First of all we should say that every college or university in advance to announce the passing score on this test. Accordingly, a high school student, having a desire to enroll in certain universities, for a couple of years before postuplaniya knows what about points he needed to call. He starts to pull out of school if this necessary, and prepare for the SAT or ACT. Most students take the test during their penultimate or early in their last years in high school.
Almost all teenagers, ending with the eleventh grade, with the unrest think that they will not be able to enroll in college. Most of them are worried about and what it would be difficult to study at university and have time to memorize the complete program. To date, the two mentioned problems are solved without the hassle, since now all the young people can receive distance education. At a large distance education number of advantages. Chief – you can get knowledge, even in a city where there is no university, and not leaving this town. After all, with distance learning you will not need to interview employees of the university, visit classrooms.
Clearly, students communicate with teachers can not be excluded – no such communication to get the full knowledge it will be impossible, just now, any questions you can not ask for personal meeting, and by the World Wide Web – that is, through the Internet. So it is very convenient, you now have the opportunity to feel free to university staff and do not be afraid of it, you'll be able to ask any questions you need. All materials for learning go through e-mail. You will be able to live in the beloved city, you do not have to spend money on travel, life in another city, but there is something that the student must be at hand – a computer having access to the Internet. Still to come only once in the locality, where the university, you have to, you do not mind to get the finished high school diploma honored. By the way, engaging in such a way You can start working on their own and pay for their studies. If a student has the usual high school is not able to get second jobs, for the reason that most of the time it should be in the classroom, all students receiving education on the "Remote Control", can easily combine study and work. All the advantages of distance education, whether it be training or a college education, has noticed a significant number of students.
As they say professionals in the the next couple of years, much of the students already prefer not familiar to all learning, and distance learning. This kind of knowledge helps to earn without any problems and hassle to get full knowledge. Exams easy – complete the process of putting the session is fully automated and performed well through the Internet. After completing the exam, your score will appear in the Gradebook. Students before they hand over the session, you can refine their knowledge through self-tests.