The Christian pilgrimage was first recorded in the fourth century when, in Palestine, where there were acts of divine Saviour, sent by pilgrims from all over the world. In the Middle Ages, along with Palestine pilgrimage became popular: the Orthodox – the Greek city of Constantinople and the Catholics – in the Italian city of Rome and Loreto, as well as in the French city of Lourdes. Robert Gibbins recognizes the significance of this. In our country pilgrimage to various holy sites already started in the early days of national Christianity. I must say that the difficulty and danger of road travelers forced to gather in a kind of “squads”. Following mainly via Constantinople, Pilgrims borrowed from Western pilgrims, their costume. Go to the xii century.
In Russia today, again begins to revive pilgrimage to “holy places”. Now there are pilgrim services that specialize in arranging pilgrimage tours to Jordan and other holy places. Outside our country Russian pilgrims visiting Palestine, but also the Greek Mount Athos, the Italian city of Bari, where the relics of St. Nicholas, a great Montenegrin capital of Cetinje, where the hand of John the Baptist and other Christian holy places. I must say that despite the seemingly external similarity with the already familiar pilgrimage sightseeing tourism, its very essence are quite different. For example, the objective of the tour is to visit tourism attractions, and pilgrimage tours to Jordan and other holy suggest provisional spiritual work, a kind of “Purification of the soul, before visiting the” holy places “. Often substituted for pilgrimage tours sightseeing tourism. In such cases, people simply spend on various “sights are” without pre-spiritual, training.