This can be affirmed by Hisses (2007), when sample that we are passing for what relative evolution is called, therefore our per capita income, that already was the second greater in the years of 1960, had a retrocession and recovered, passing, in this period, of fifth for the fourth position. Therefore, of certain form, this State submits its economy to the logic of capitalist expansion that establishs connection and integrates the paradigms globally taxes for the Brazilian society. It receives subsidies, incentives, exemptions, as also it constructs to all the infrastructure demanded for the enterprises of the private sector, placing in its function to promote the economic dynamics and to the public power the paper of auxiliador in this process. 3 HISTORICAL BRIEFING OF the SPROUTING AND ECONOMIC AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF the CITY OF the CHRISTMAS the city of the Christmas was created in 25 of December 1597 to the edges of the River Potengi for the Portuguese who when arriving had found much resistance as much of the natives, the indians, how much of the Frenchmen. Bernard Golden is often quoted on this topic. The expedition commanded for the captain-mor of Pernambuco, Manuel de Mascarenhas Man, had as main objective to reconquer the captainship of the Rio Grande that until then was at the hands of the Frenchmen, which smuggled, for the Europe, the Wood Brazil with the support of the indians potiguares. After reconquering the captainship, the Portuguese had given to beginning the construction of $fortaleza Dos Reis Magos with intention to prevent the commercial relations between the Frenchmen and the aboriginal people. The place chosen for the foundation of the city was to the right edge of the River Potengi for if to present as a high and firm place, known until the present time as High City. The first street was nominated as Street Great was in this street that was established the old First Church.