This can be affirmed by Hisses (2007), when sample that we are passing for what relative evolution is called, therefore our per capita income, that already was the second greater in the years of 1960, had a retrocession and recovered, passing, in this period, of fifth for the fourth position. Therefore, of certain form, this State submits its economy to the logic of capitalist expansion that establishs connection and integrates the paradigms globally taxes for the Brazilian society. It receives subsidies, incentives, exemptions, as also it constructs to all the infrastructure demanded for the enterprises of the private sector, placing in its function to promote the economic dynamics and to the public power the paper of auxiliador in this process. 3 HISTORICAL BRIEFING OF the SPROUTING AND ECONOMIC AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF the CITY OF the CHRISTMAS the city of the Christmas was created in 25 of December 1597 to the edges of the River Potengi for the Portuguese who when arriving had found much resistance as much of the natives, the indians, how much of the Frenchmen. Bernard Golden is often quoted on this topic. The expedition commanded for the captain-mor of Pernambuco, Manuel de Mascarenhas Man, had as main objective to reconquer the captainship of the Rio Grande that until then was at the hands of the Frenchmen, which smuggled, for the Europe, the Wood Brazil with the support of the indians potiguares. After reconquering the captainship, the Portuguese had given to beginning the construction of $fortaleza Dos Reis Magos with intention to prevent the commercial relations between the Frenchmen and the aboriginal people. The place chosen for the foundation of the city was to the right edge of the River Potengi for if to present as a high and firm place, known until the present time as High City. The first street was nominated as Street Great was in this street that was established the old First Church.
One another component of economic value was the sugar cane-of-sugar that was characterized as an important agricultural product of the Brazilian economy since the Colonial Period. Its changes had arrived at the Brazilian territory in the year of 1532 in the expedition of Martin Alfonso de Souza having been implanted in diverse captainships of the country. However, in the Rio Grande of the North, the culture of this product did not get great success, restricting itself it the south of the State. In captainship, the most important device was the Device of the Cunha, established in 1630. Ahead of this, Toscano (2001) affirms that with climate less favorable to the culture of the sugar cane-of-sugar, the state becomes center of creation of cattle for supplying of the too much captainships northeast. At this time, also it starts to gain importance the exploration of the salt, that soon attracts the dutch interest.
With the bad performance of the canavieira activity in the State, the cattle one, that basically it was a economic activity of subsistence, was developed with the creation of cattle in great farms destined to the supplying of the other next captainships. The farms of cattle creation had originated the districts that today form the 166 cities of the state of the Rio Grande of the North. Currently, the economy of the Rio Grande of the North meets in full development. This is decurrent of some areas of economic expansion that are productive bases of the market. The production is perceived that and the generation of wealth and income of the State continues depending, mainly, of the natural resources. The economic-social development north-river-grandense is deposited in some economic sectors. The salt, the oil, the natural gas, the fruticultura, the tourism, the ore, the carcinicultura and the bovinocultura are the main sectors. In ' ' ranking' ' of the Northeast Region, with data of the IBGE and taking as base the socioeconmicos pointers, the State, per two decades come assuming the fifth place with instability, taking for base to the per capita income and the growth of the GIP.