During all this time, the Jews had been obliged if to spread for the world. In the great majority of the places where they lived they were pursued and discriminated. The antissemitismo of the population was established in ideas as the deicide (8), the profanation of the sacred hstia (9) and to the macabros ritual presumptions (10) carried through by this people. (11) To the few the ghettos had been appearing, that although to represent clearly a gesture of exclusion it finished for to protect this population of the attacks of Christians? the calls pogroms. (12) This isolation finished for ahead strengthening what more it characterized the Jews, oportunizando the maintenance of the Jewish culture and the bows of union of a external aggressor. The ideals of the French Revolution had exported ' ' necessidade' ' to equal all legally the citizens. In this I pack, century XIX was the moment where the Jews had left the ghettos and had initiated an emancipation process. However, exactly that they had left of being you give birth civil politicians and, the Jews continued being give birth social.
(13) In the century of the cientificismo, the racial theories would come to supply new (without excluding the others) a justification the antissemitismo. That is, the assimilation of the Jews in the European societies had supposedly placed them in equality situation. She was necessary, therefore, to differentiate them in permanent way. (14) The notion of the Jew blows up as a depraved race and that it must be separate and until destroyed of the conviviality with excessively races, with the serious possibility to contaminate them. The Jews had made a conversion of ' ' outsiders religiosos' ' ' ' outsiders tnicos' ' (15) Still as consequncia of the emancipation, cases of pogroms for the Europe had been multiplied, over all in the eastern part. The sionismo appears, then, as one against ideology.