The present investigation concerns the issue of normal occlusion and characteristics that govern it. This is according to gnatico system elements, so there must be an intimate relationship between temporomandibular joint. Periodontium, tooth organs and muscles of mastication which are of vital importance in centric relation and centric occlusion, which together result in an organic occlusion. Dental malocclusion and craniofacial relations, including their characteristics and the importance that exists to have any dental or skeletal malalignment, in this case both jaws. The deficit of mastication which will result in the collection of problems with swallowing, but especially in the breakdown and absorption of nutrients in the stomach and small intestine respectively. This issue is of vital importance to our dental area, for by this knowledge of normal and pathological anatomic area may be diagnosed with any such disease.
It includes anomalies of shape, size and number of dental bodies, clinical features and the period of formation of each abnormality. Just as the various affectations in the dental tissues. These anomalies are rare and their origin is different, occurring in a hereditary, congenital and acquired by any present social habit. Among the most common oral and maxillofacial pathology observed in our patients are associated with dental caries with pulpal complications in the primary and permanent dentition, the diseases associated with bad habits deforming, and the serious consequences that bring premature withdrawals. Precisely these injuries are not covered in this work. The rare, are what interest us, since being diagnosed is uncommon in the wrong way sometimes and sometimes can have serious consequences for patient health.