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DRU Freedom

During the last few years, the budgetary entailing of the Union got a great growth very what, in many cases, it made with that an indebtedness was necessary so that the obligator budgetary expenditures were paid. On the other hand it had excess of resources badly placed that were reserved for the payment of other expenditures, which did not need the available value all. The Desvinculao de Receitas of Unio (DRU) appeared in 1994, in the Government of Frank Itamar, with the name of FSE (Deep Social of Emergency). In Government FHC, it was renomeado for FEF (Deep of Fiscal Stabilization), in which a1999 was in vigor de1996, and from there, the instrument was successively extending, already with name DRU. This budgetary desvinculao appeared through a proposal of emendation to the constitution (PEC 61), of which it consists of an instrument that the Executive allows to manage 20% of pblic revenues freely, approximately R$ 62,4 billion – according to Ministry of Planning, of prescriptions of the Union. Already approved two times in the House of representatives and waiting voting in the Senate, DRU 2012 comes, in general, only extending the stated period of its existence up to 2015.

Its objective is to give to bigger flexibility and efficiency in the allocation of resources and not necessarily in the rise of available prescriptions for the federal government and allows the financing of incomprimveis expenditures (related to the benefit, administration fees and administrative management) without national indebtedness of the Union. The DRU does not count on transferences constitutional for States and cities, whose main prescription source comes of the IPI and the Income tax (TO GO), therefore the desvinculao is after made the calculations of the transferences. The resources destined to the education, for Constitutional Emendation 59/09, more are also not incorporated the DRU. According to base governmetalist, the DRU is an instrument of rationalization of the budgetary management, where the Executive breaking has left of the rigidity of the federal budget, in which it extended the possibilities of performance of the public managers and increased the attendance to the demands of the society, without compromising the fiscal balance. The justification of the renewal of the DRU up to 2015 is the necessity of investments and infrastructure that Brazil is demanding through financings for the Pantry of the World in 2014, the Olimpadas in 2016, to keep minimum degree of autonomy in the definition of the priorities of the government and in the budgetary management and to face the global crisis. The opposition affirms that the DRU already became necessary, in 1994, for the implementation and stabilization of the Real Plan, but that it is not justified in the current conjuncture of the Country, therefore it demonstrates the incapacity of the government to create a mechanism substitutes that it, therefore it cannot be seen as exit for the engessamento of the budget, using resources of social contributions to form the surplus elementary school. They affirm, still, that the project defalcates the health, providence and assistance. Ahead of the unstable situation of international the financial crisis and the internal deficiencies, the DRU comes as a good measure to improve the performance of the government without it has the necessity of the same becoming indebted itself being that it has available resources, giving a bigger flexibility in the allocation of the public resources.

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Liberating National Alliance

The 37 blow of and the New State.

Getulio Vargas restores the new State; regimen authoritarian politician, in 10de November of 1937 it 1945.Faziam part of this official government of high patent of the Armed Forces, military, intellectuals and some officers of the tenentista movement (p.256-257). As first measure to the dissolution, and the ortogao of the new constitution that ample Vargas allowed to be able politicians. The blow of 10 of November did not have a participation of an organized party, nor the popular participation, did not have ideological unit for this reason cannot the same compare this movement with the movements occurred in period for the remain of the world. The blow that restores the New State can be characterized as a elite blow military politics politics-economic account the elites. It are to the defeat of the agricultural oligarchies that permeavam the government for on groups the finances and for liberal professionals. The opposition to this new regimen was carried through for the communist party and the integralista action, both formed by members of the classroom measured and military, the same ones would be responsible for manifestations publish in the period of 33-35.

In Rio De Janeiro, So Paulo and Recife. (p.258-260). In April of 1935, the law of national security is approved, also appears at the same time the Liberating National Alliance formed by tenentistas parties of left, unions, sections and apartidarios elements that will go to oppose themselves to the effective government in the politics. They had ideals that they interested the urban proletariat, a new social order. The ANL is closed three messes after its foundation for the dominant groups, to who represented great threatens; all the other forms of opposition to the government Vargas were sultry using for this, arrests, tortures and deaths, to strengthen the military project.

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